Freemasons: The Royal Society

England was ruled by the Royal House of the Stuarts, and was going through political and social changes, as King Charles I was beheaded for his beliefs in 1649.

It was a time in history, that saw the emergence of the Masonic Royal Society of Sciences and the Arts.

It all started back in 1567, when Sir Thomas Gresham was one of the General Warden’s of Masons.

Gresham College was founded in 1579, at the bequest of Sir Thomas Gresham, as laid down in his will.  He even went to the point of listing what subjects were to be taught: Astronomy – Divinity – Geometry – Medicine and Music.

A group of learned men, thinker’s of their time, with an interest in experimental philosophy, met formally at Gresham College in Bishopgate, starting around 1645.  These learned men called themselves “The Invisible College” attending lectures and discussions of mutual interests, to one and all.

In its early days, the proceedings of the Invisible College were cloaked in secrecy.  Personal safety demanded that any discussions of an esoteric, moral or scientific nature, should take place underground.

The Royal Society was founded in 1660, by the freemasons, and its members and presidents included the likes of:

  • Robert Boyle assisted by Robert Hooke, who explored the properties of a vacuum, and gave his name to the gas law of volume and pressure.
  • William Petty, the father of modern statistics.
  • Laurence Rooke, a geometrician who worked on methods for determining longitude at sea.
  • Christopher Wren, Professor of Astronomy and prominent architect.

John Desaguliers was nominated to the post of “Curator of Experiments” in 1712, by Sir Isaac Newton, and was the first to demonstrate the existence of the atom.

Sir John Desaguliers became Grand Master of the Freemasons in 1719, and shaped the form of 18th century Freemasonry.

Freemasons: Englands Public Years

On the 24th June 1717, a date in Masonic history, the start of the “Freemasons Public Years,” a date never to be forgotten.  On this day four Masonic London Lodges, which had existed secretly, came together at the Goose and Gridiron Tavern in St.Paul’s Churchyard.  They declared they be the First Grand Lodge, which became known as the Premier Grand Lodge of England, and elected Anthony Sayer as their Grand Master.

John, the Duke of Montague, became Grand Master in 1721.  After his term of office, most Grand Masters were Peers of the Realm.

On the 24th June 1721, the Grand Lodges adopted the regulation, which required all lodges to secure a charter.

In 1723 “The Constitutions of the Free Masons,” was written and published by James Anderson, under the direction of the Grand Lodge.  In 1738 he published “The History and Constitutions of the Most Ancient and Honourable Fraternity of Free and accepted Masons.”

Sir Christopher wren, Architect and Freemason remembered for building St.Paul’s Cathedral and many other churches across London, following the Great Fire of London died.

In 1725, the Grand Lodge of Ireland came into being, in a public diner, reminds one of how the English Grand Lodge was formed.  In 1736, the Grand Lodge of Scotland came into existence, with William St.Clair as its first Grand Master.

Chevalier Ramsay’s Oration of 1737, put forward links between Freemasons and Knights of the Crusades.  He was credited as the founder of Freemasonry’s higher degrees found in York and Scottish Rite’s.

The Antient Grand Lodge of England was formed in 1751, as rival to the Premier Grand Lodge of England.  In 1813 both groups merged, forming the United Grand Lodge of England.

In 1789, HRH The Prince of Wales was elected Grand Master of Freemasons in England, becoming King George IV in 1820, of the Royal House of Hanover.

In 1799, the English Parliament passes the Unlawful Societies act, and Freemasons were exempt from its provisions.

1802, saw the foundation of the Irish Masonic Female Orphan School.

In 1809, the Lodge of Promulgation is formed in England, its purpose to report on differences between the rituals of Moderns and Antients.  This led to one group; The United Grand Lodge of Antients in 1813, and the acceptance of England’s Masons.  This union led to standardisation of ritual procedures and regalia.

In 1816, The Grand Royal Arch Chapter of Scotland was formed.

On the 13th September 1821, Pope Pius VII issued his opposition to the Craft (Freemasonry) with his Papal Bull of Ecclesiam.

In 1823, the Irish Parliament passed its Unlawful Oaths Act, directed at many organisations.  Some ten months after it came in, it was announced Freemasons were exempt from the act.

On the 1st August 1824, King Ferdinand VII of Spain, passed a law that all Freemasons were sentenced to death, without trial.

Between 1825-1884, many Papal Bulls were received from Pope, against the Craft (Freemasonry):

13th March 1825 – Pope Leo XII – Quiograviora

21st May 1829 – Pope Pius VIII – Traditi

15th August 1832 – Pope Gregory – Mirari

9th November 1846 – Pope Pius IX – Qui Fluribus

20th April 1849 – Pope Pius IX – Quibus Quantisque Malis

8th December 1864 – Pope Pius IX – Quanta Cura

25th December 1865 – Pope Pius IX – Multiplires

12th October 1869 – Pope Pius IX – Apostolicae Sedis

21st November 1873 – Pope Pius IX – Esti Multa

20th April 1884 – Pope Leo XIII – Humanum Genus

In 1894 Pope Leo XIII established the Anti-Masonic Bureau.

In 1899 Leader Scott (Lady Lucy Baxter) published her book entitled “The Cathedral Builders,” about the so called missing link between Masons of the past and Freemasons of her time.

Freemason: Paul Revere

Paul Revere was born on the 21st December 1734 in Boston to parents; Apollos Rivoire and Deborah Hitchbourn.  His father was a silversmith, and Paul was trained in the art, and when his father died in 1753, he carried on the family business.  He became one of America’s finest precious metal craftsmen.  He also practiced dentistry and developed an early form of orthodontics.

In 1760 Paul Revere became a Freemason, and shortly thereafter joined two political groups; “The Sons of Liberty” and “The North End Caucus.”  He would become an active member in the Sons of Liberty, a group consisting of American Patriots who sought liberty for the colonies.

In the August of 1765, Paul Revere took part in the Stamp Act riots, which saw mobs tear down government offices in protest, which forced Parliament to withdraw the impending Stamp Act.

In 1766, Parliament brought forth the “Declaratory Act” giving them the right to tax the colonies.

Paul Revere was not a man of words, but a silversmith and started producing engravings highlighting the British Government, and their unpopular laws in Boston.

On the 1st October 1768 a force of 2,000 British soldiers arrived in Boston.  Tensions quickly rose between occupying British forces, which led to the deaths of five Boston civilians on the 5th March 1770, a tragedy that was known as the Boston Massacre.

Paul Revere produced the engraving “The Bloody Massacre” showing the murderous act which took place in King Street, Boston.  His propaganda convinced the public that Britain’s Parliament was flawed in their colonial policies.  Revere and the Sons of Liberty kept the memory of the Boston Massacre alive in people’s minds.  For on the first anniversary of the massacre “5th March 1771.”  Revere staged a display of Boston Massacre engravings from his home windows.  This form of propaganda achieved the desired effect, persuading civilians that liberty was a just cause.

In the April of 1775, rumours spread that the British forces stationed in Boston were preparing to attack the Sons of Liberty and American patriots.  What the British didn’t know, the Sons of Liberty were watching them, so they could warn of an impending attack.

Patriot leader Dr Joseph Warren dispatched Paul Revere and William Dawes by separate routes to Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock.

Paul Revere put in place another warning system.  Robert Newman would set lanterns in the steeple of the Old North Church to alert colonists in Charleston.  One lantern meant the British were coming by land and two lanterns by sea.

Later Paul Revere would serve in the American Army as an artillery man and thereafter turn his attention back to his silversmith business, which led to his expansion with a sheet copper mill.  This gave the American navy the option to use copper in ship hull production.

In later years, he served as Grand Master of Boston’s Masonic Grand Lodge.  Paul Revere died on the 10th May 1818.

Prieure de Sion Grand Master: Nicolas Flamel

Nicolas Flamel the historical Alchemist was born around 1330, in Pontoise, France.  Flamel became a renowned French Scribe and manuscript seller.  As a book seller many rare books passed through his hands, and he acquired knowledge through these writings.

By chance he happened upon “The Sacred Book of Abraham the Jew, Prince, Priest, Levite, Astrologer and Philosopher to that Tribe of Jews who by the Wrath of God were dispersed amongst the Gaul’s.”  This discovery happened around 1361, and would change his life for the next twenty-one years.

In 1368 Nicolas Flamel married Perenelle, bringing the wealth of two former marriages to the partnership.  This French couple owned several properties including 51 Rue de Montmorency in Paris, one of the city’s oldest stone houses, which still stands to this very day.  An inscription upon the wall reads: “We. Ploughmen and women living at the porch of this house, built in 1407, are requested to say every day an ‘Our Father and an ‘Ave Maria’ praying God that his grace forgive poor and dead sinners.”

Flamel journeyed to Spain in 1382 where he met a converted Jew in Leon, he who would enlighten him, with the meaning of the texts.

His first successful alchemical transmutation took place in Paris, turning half a pound of mercury into silver then into gold.  Within a few short years Nicolas Flamel became a wealthy man, and spread his wealth around, doing good works.  By 1413, he founded fourteen hospitals, seven churches and three chapels in Paris and went on to found more buildings in Boulogne.

In 1398 Nicolas Flamel became Grand Master of the Priory of Sion.

On the 22nd March Nicolas Flamel died, and was buried at the at the Musee de Cluny, in the Nave of the Church of Saint-Jacques-de-la-Boucherie in Paris.  His tombstone designed by him in 1410, had carvings of Christ, St.Peter and St.Paul upon it.

Prieure de Sion Grand Master: Robert Boyle

Robert Boyle was born on the 27th January 1627, in County Waterford, Ireland, the seventh son of the Earl of Cork.  He was educated at Eton, and then travelled across Europe, learning as he went until his return in 1644, with a head full of scientific ideas.  He took up residence in Dorset, where he built himself a laboratory.

In 1654, Robert Boyle took up the post as Grand Master of the Priory of Sion, a post he held until his death in 1691.

Around the mid 1650’s moved to Oxford, and took on assistant Robert Hooke, and together they designed a working vacuum chamber/air-pump.

In those days’ experimentation wasn’t the done thing, it was highly controversial.  The established method was to discuss it with like-minded scientist, using well established rules, which had been put together by the likes of Aristotle and other’s over the previous 2,000 years.

Boyle wasn’t interested in discussions, he wanted to observe what took place, and draw his own conclusions.  He became one of the first scientists to perform experiments, and go on to publish his work with details.  His first publication took place in 1659 on Philosophy – Medicine – Religion.

According to Boyle’s Law, this states that if the volume of gas is decreased, pressure increases proportionally.  Boyle defined what an element be, and went on to introduce the litmus test to tell acids from bases.

In 1660 Robert Boyle who was part of the “Invisible College” of dynamic English & European minds along with eleven fellow scientists formed the Royal Society in London, with King Charles II as its patron and sponsor, of the House of Stuart.  They would meet regularly to witness experiments and discuss their results.

In 1668, Boyle took up permanent residence in London, living with his sister.  In 1680 he was offered the presidency of the Royal Society, which he had played a part in its creation.  He had strong religious principles, and the oath of presidency violated his beliefs, for that reason he refused the post of President.

On the 31st December 1691 Robert Boyle died in London.

Grand Masters: Prieure de Sion

Jean de Gisors                               1188-1220

Marie de Saint-Clair                  1220-1266

Guillaume de Gisors                   1266-1307

Edouard de Bar                             1307-1336

Jeanne de Bar                                1336-1351

Jean de Saint-Clair                     1351-1366

Blanche d’Evreux                        1366-1398

Nicolas Flamel                              1398-1418

Rene d’Anjou                                 1418-1480

Iolande de Bar                               1480-1483

Sandro Filipepi                             1483-1510

Leonard da Vinci                          1510-1519

Connetable de Bourbon             1519-1527

Ferdinand de Gonzague            1527-1575

Louis de Nevers                            1575-1595

Robert Fludd                                 1595-1637

J.Valentin Andrea                         1637-1654

Robert Boyle                                  1654-1691

Isaac Newton                                1691-1727

Charles Radclyffe                          1727-1746

Charles de Lorraine                     1746-1780

Maximilian de Lorraine             1780-1801

Charles Nodier                                1801-1844

Victor Hugo                                     1844-1885

Claude Debussy                             1885-1918

Jean Cocteau                                  1918 +

Rosicrucians: Out of the Darkness

In the 18th century, some four hundred years after the Templar Order had been forced out of the limelight.  They were to emerge as an influential Order within Masonic and Rosicrucian beliefs.

Karl Gottheff, Varon von Hund, founder of the Strict Observance Rite, who established Templar traditions, Templar rules within the Masons.  Baron von Hund had been initiated into the Paris Lodge, led by Lord Kilmarnock, Grand Master of Scottish Freemasons, and the Guardians of Templar traditions.

Supporters of the Jacobite cause claimed that a Masonic Lodge had been founded in 1700’s Scotland, and drew its charter from a surviving Templar Chapter, which had been operational for some 700 years, in Bristol.

At his Masonic initiation, von Hund claims to have met with the knight of the Red Feather, better known as Prince Charles Stuart.  Baron von Hund went on to found a German branch of the neo-Templar’s in Germany.  Based on von Hund’s account of things, the Scottish chapter of the Knights Templar had been founded by two English members of the Order.  They who had discovered the Elixir of Life, and actively practised alchemy.

A popular 18th century occult myth states that Templar’s were initiates of Gnostic teachings passed down by the Essenes, they who had iniated Jesus into its mysteries.  Meo-Templarism attempted to combine pagan and wisdom with Christian ideals.  According to Freemasonry, Templar influence of the 18th century spoke of a myth; three renegade Knights betrayed King Phillip of France to fellow Masons, who murdered Hiram Abiff in Solomon’s Temple.  Masonic references of assassination of Charles de Monte Carmel a prominent Templar who underwent a ritual murder…  This murder according to 18th century Masons, marked a turning point in the history of the Knights Templar and led to their eventual downfall.

The survival of the Knights Templar tradition was masterminded by Jacques de Molay, the Order’s last Grand Master, whilst in a French prison awaiting his execution.  On the evening of the 17th March 1314 the night before being burnt at the stake on unproved charges of heresy.  DeMolay sent a trusted aide to the Templar’s secret crypt in Paris, where the Order’s past Grand Master’s had been entombed.  Symbolic objects sacred to the Order, were duly removed.

Jacques de Molay trusted his aide, with the future of the Knights Templar.  The two pillars which stood at the entrance to the templar tombs were in fact hollow and contained money and artefacts.  It was De Molay’s wish that they be removed, before falling into the hands of the French Monarchy.  The Templar money and symbolic objects were to be used in the re-creation of the Order, preventing the loss of their secrets.

The two pillars of the crypt entrance were copies of the obelisks which stand at the gateway of Solomon’s Temple.  The pillars held detailed manuscripts, detailing occult teachings within the Templar Order.

Johann Augustus Starck, another claimant of the Templar revival, encountered Masonic Templarism whilst teaching in St.Petersburg.  He went on to make contact with surviving Templar Order’s in Southern France, they who were renowned for practising in the Cathar style.  It was Stark’s belief that the Templar’s had inherited occult from the likes of Persia, Seria and Egypt, and these were passed on to the Essenic secret society, operating in the Middle East during the Crusades.

His version of neo-Templarism received approval leading to patronage of European aristocrats and membership of new Masonic Templar lodges.  Gustav III of Sweden became a patron to neo-Templarism, a firm supporter of the Scottish Pretenders and the Jacobites.

In 1767, Frederick the Great founded two neo-Masonic lodges; “Order of the Architects of Africa,” and the “Knights of Light.”  That same year, Frederick the Great became a financial supporter of Orthodox Freemasonry.  In the next year (1768) Frederick commissioned the construction of a Grand Lodge for the Prussians.

A few years later, the title Illuminati was one of the Masonic Secret Societies.  The “Order of the Illuminati, the occultists became a title associated by Rosicrucian’s and known as key figures in secret political history.

The grand convention of Masonic Lodges in 1771 openly admitted mythical descent from the Templar Order.  Johann Augustus Stark’s group merged with Baron von Hund’s.

The Illuminati were founded by Adam Weishaupt, a professor at the Bavarian University of Ingoldstat, in the year 1776, the same year as the American Revolution.  He being of Jewish descent, educated by Jesuits in the Catholic faith.

Whilst an undergraduate, Weishaupt studied Ancient Pagan Religions, Eleusinian Mysteries and Theories of the Greek mystic and philosopher; Pythagoras.  As a student drafted a constitution for a secret society, centred on paganism.

In 1774, he made contact with a Masonic lodge in Germany, and was disappointed by what he found.  They being ignorant to occult and Masonic connections, with no knowledge of pagan symbolism.

On the 1st May 1776, Adam Weishaupt announced the foundation of the “Order of Perfectibilists,” which later became known as the Illuminati.

Weishaupt had a vision, a political vision, a utopian state, with the abolition of private property, social authority and nationality.  He believed human beings would live in harmony, within a brotherhood, based on love, peace, spiritual wisdom and equality.  His main targets of reform were the Monarchy, Church and rich landowners.

The Illuminists attempted overthrow of Hapsburg in 1784, which led to the Bavarian government banning all secret societies, and so it was Weishaupt’s followers went underground. 

Comte de Mirabeau a prominent Illuminist, was one of the founders responsible for the French Revolution of 1789.  Aiming at the destruction of the French Monarchy and destroying the Catholic Church, to be replaced by the “Religion of Love,” across France.

Early 1791, allegations arose about the role played by Masons and Illuminate, partly based on the confessions of Comte Cagliostro (Comte Cagliostro born Joseph Balsamo in Parlemo, Sicily in 1743) arrested in 1789 on charges of heresy.  Cagliostro married Lorenza Felicioni whom he controlled by use of hypnotism, taught to him by Dr.Mesmer a fellow Mason.  Lorenza went on to denounce her husband in the “Inquisition for practising heresy.”  He spoke of an international conspiracy by Illuminati, neo-Templar’s and Freemasons, taking place across Europe.  He revealed their ultimate object, was to complete work started by the original Knights Templar; the overthrow of the Papacy and the election of an Illuminist as Pope.

He went on to confess that large sums of money had been deposited in banks in Holland, Italy, France and England to finance revolutions.  Funds to finance the French Revolution came from the House of Rothschild… Was this fact or fiction, was Comte Cagliostro just trying to save his life.  No historical evidence can be found to support such claims.

The radicalism of Masonic Lodges prior to the French Revolution, alienated followers amongst aristocratic classes in France.  By 1792 few lodges were still practising, and faced hostilities from the revolutionary government.  At Versailles former Grand Master of a Templar lodge was lynched by an angry mob.  Masonry came under suspicion by those in power, in their belief of a counter revolution.

The Masons who had helped start the French Revolution, and within a few years became a victim of their own creation.

By 1796, it had become common knowledge that Masons and Templars had a hand in the French Revolution of 1789.  With Jacques de Molay, Templar’s last Grand Master, a prisoner in the Bastille before his execution in 1314, and as such, the Bastille was the first target for the mob.  It wasn’t long before connections revealed that the Templar’s and Jesuits were dedicated to the creation of a church within a church.

Duc’d Orleans, Grand Master of French freemasonry an illuminist, plotted against the French Royal family.  It is believed he practised a secret occult ritual, using relics from the past, which once belonged to de Molay.  Were these the sacred objects from the Templar Crypt in Paris?  Unfortunately, historical writings are unable to provide the answer.

“The Tomb of Jacques de Molay” was published in France of 1796, claiming that the French Revolution was the work of anarchists, they who could trace their lineage back to the Templar’s and Assassins.

Father Bamuel a Jesuit priest published his book; “Memoires pour serir de I’histoire du Jacobinisme,” tracing the survival of Manichean heresy through Catharism, Assassins, Templars, Freemasons and French Revolution.

The Royal Families of Europe were shocked by the Illuminist plot of universal revolution, they had witnessed the French Revolution and feared being next in line.  In 1790 the Bavarian government brought in a law that membership of the Illuminati was classed as a capital offence.

England feared the hand of these secret societies, and Parliament attempted to bring in the “Unlawful Societies Act,” which would have outlawed Freemasonry.  It failed, because they never dabbled in politics.

Napoleon Bonaparte’s rise meant Freemasons faced a bleak future.  Bonaparte was well aware of the Illuminist’s role in the French Revolution.  He used the Freemasons for his own political ends.  

Joseph and Lucien, brothers of Napoleon Bonaparte became Grand Masters of the Orient.  They attracted many new members, and by the end of his reign the Grand Orient boasted some 1200 lodges across France, and by the 1800’s had infiltrated the French Colonies.

In the March of 1808, a neo-Templar Order held a public requiem for Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar.  Held at St.Paul’s Church in Paris, presided over by the Canon of Notre Dame; Abbe Pierre Romains.

In 1809 a secret Masonic Lodge came into being in France “Sublimes Maitres Parfait” (Sublime Perfect Masters), with similarities to Catharism.  They opposed Napoleon and saw him as a traitor of France.

The pre-Royalist Masonic Lodge claimed success in 1814, with the abdication of Napoleon Bonaparte in favour of King Luois XVII.  The Paris revolt of 1830, led to Louis Philippe taking his place on the throne.

Louis Philippe placed Freemasons under his protection, appointed Duc d’Orleans his son, as the Order’s new Grand Master.

The Masonic convention of 1842 held in Strasburg, sowed the seeds of the 1848 Revolution by radical elements in European Masonry; they preached anarchism and socialism.

In 1850 Napoleon III made it law, that Grand Orient Lodges were forbidden to interfere in politics, even though they received support of the politicians.

The Illuminati failed to create social order across France, but had influenced another revolution.

In 1776 American colonists challenged the British in the War of Independence, the blueprint, a society based on democracy, freedom and social equality… A New World.

The American Revolution, a social experiment engineered by secret societies.

Birth of the Rosicrucian Order

With the Order of the Knights Templar suppressed, rumours spread across Europe that the secret tradition they had chosen to follow, was still being practised.  In the latter years of the Middle Ages, information seeped out, that the freemasons were connected to the Templar Order.  According to Crusade History, a handful of Syriac Christians, Saracen prisoners were rescued by Knights Templar who granted them protection.

These Christians indebted to the Knights Templar who had saved their lives, wanted to know more of the Templar Order, were initiated into the Order’s innermost circle, where they learnt about their occult mysteries.  When these Syriac Christians left the Holy Land, they travelled across Europe and eventually settled in Scotland.  It is here they founded a new chapter of the Templar Order which would later merge with freemasons.

In the latter part of the 13th and early 14th century the Templar Order was disbanded, and fearing for their lives, thousand’s joined Masonic guilds.  Through the influence of these newcomers, of which many were occult initiates, esoteric symbolism of Masonic lodges was revived and Freemasonry was established.

The Templar tradition fled underground in the early part of the 15th century, at a time when the Church started a Holy Crusade, seeking out practitioners of witchcraft.

Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger, two Dominican Monks, members of an inquisition set up in 1215 to root out and kill heretics, published the evil book; “Malleus Malefiracum” in 1484, which received approval from the Pope.

In 1486, Pope Innocent VIII issued a Papal Bull condemning witches, plunging Europe into an orgy of bloody persecution, which lasted some 250 years, claiming the lives of nearly a million people.

The 15th and 16th century would see a growth of the underground occult tradition.  The Moors, who had invaded Spain from North Africa in the 10th and 11th centuries, had crossed into Southern France.  It was at this time they introduced Arab and Jewish mystical teachings, better known as the Cabbala into Europe, before being driven back by Christian Kings.  Come the early years of the 1500’s a revival had taken place; interest in the occult sciences.

A monk was hired by Cosmos de Medici of the Italian Medici family of Italy to locate rare manuscripts.  In 1460 the “Corpus Hermeticum” was discovered and translated for publication in 1463.  Its publication marked a turning point, the great occult revival, culminating in the flowering of Renaissance when artists, writers and poets inspired by classical paganism produced works of art and literature.

Western history stepped forward, revealing to the world, a most influential secret society.  Its aim, the re-establishment of ancient Mysteries, which differed from the Templar Order, one which would be publicly accepted.  The societies earliest writings “The Restoration of the Decayed Temple of Pallas” equals the “Constitution of the Order,” refers to it as the Brotherhood or the Order of the Rosy Cross, started circulating across Europe in 1605.

The “Fama Frateritatis” publication of 1614, tells of the Rosicrucians history, stating within that the Order had been founded in the 1300’s by Christian Rosenkreuz (Pseudonym Name) a German mystic from an aristocratic family.

Christian Rosenkreuz, a German mystic entered religious life within a monastery at a young age.  Almost immediately he showed his disapproval to his parents, by rebelling against clerical life authority, and escaped this life by travelling to the Middle East as a companion to an older monk.  The old Monk died on route to Cyprus, leaving Christian Rosenkreuz with a choice, return home or continue on to Damascus.  He opted to continue on his master’s quest.

Rosenkreuz became a student of Cabbalistic in Damascus, until his return to Europe, by way of North Africa to study with Arabian occultists in Fez and Moorish Spain.  As part of his studies, he learnt the art of conjuring up elemental spirits, taught secrets of alchemy, the transformation of lead into gold.

Rosenkreuz travelled across the Middle East, learning about the Arabian occult, which leads one to believe that the Roscrucian Order was familiar with the teachings of Sufism.  These Rosicrucians have been compared with the Sufi Secret Society, founded in 12th century Bagdad and called the “Path of the Rose.”  Sufi master; Abdelkadir Gilani, founder of the order had the Red Rose as his personal symbol.  The Rosicrucian and Surfi Orders, shared many things, and both were known to practice the art of “Alchemy.”

Upon returning home to Germany, Rosenkreuz shut himself away for five years to continue his studies in the occult, its magical rituals and art of alchemy.  At the end of his chosen period of isolation, he declared to the world his found knowledge, only to be met by hostilities and ridicule.

He was faced with only one option, to create a secret society; “The Rosy Cross.”  He returned to the monastery where he started out as a novice monk, where his journey begun.  It was here he asked of three senior members to join him in his adventure.  They are referred to as the “Three Wise Men.”

They swore an oath of allegiance not to violate his secrets.  Four other Monks joined the order, making a total of eight Monks, the “Fraternity of the Rosy Cross.” Seven set out, spreading their word across Europe.

The Order of the Rosy Cross would follow Six Rules of Conduct:

  • Heal the sick without charge.
  • Wear no garment, revealing their occult beliefs.
  • Meet yearly to report their progress.
  • Each would nominate his replacement upon death.
  • They would take the initials “RC” as their identifying mark.
  • The Order of the Rosy Cross would remain a secret for at least one hundred years.

When one of their order died, he would be secretly buried without ceremony.  When Christian Rosenkreuz died, he was buried secretly, and it would be some 120 years before his tomb was discovered; a seven sided illuminated vault, which preserved his body.

To understand more about the Rosicrucian Order… the “Ancient Mystical Order of the Rose Cross,” one needs to look back at 18th Dynasty Egyptian history and Pharoah Thutmoses III, ruler of Egypt from 1500-1447 BC.  He was a skilled warrior capturing some 350 cities during his reign.

It is believed he killed his own sister, to obtain ultimate power over his kingdom, not wanting to share rule with his sister; Queen Halshepsut.

Thutmoses III underwent a spiritual reformation in his later years, giving up the life of a military King, and turned to spiritual teachings.  He gathered together learned scholars, priests and philosophers, forming a secret society.

The Rosicrucian Order… “Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis” in its Latin form, which translates to… “Ancient Mystical Order of the Rose Cross.”  The Rose Cross symbol predates Christianity; the cross represents the human body, whilst the rose represents the individual’s unfolding consciousness.

Secret Societies: Birth of Illuminati

The creation of the Illuminati, first came to light, in the run up to the French Revolution of July 1789, yet their history goes way back, to the time of King David in Egypt.

The symbol of the Hexagram, is one we associate with Illuminists.  Solomon the son of King David, worshipped Ashtoreth (Star, also known as Astarte).

Solomon built altars to his god Star (Astarte aka Ashtoreth).  The god Saturn is associated with Star.  History tells us that the City of Rome, was originally referred to as Saturnia or City of Saturn.

Many of the rituals of Saturn, are retained by the Roman Catholic Church, and play a part in their forms of worship.  Saturn is Lucifer, and associated with evil, and played a major role in the religion of Mithra and Druidism.

In 1128, the Order of the Knights Templar was created by the Prieure de Sion, under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Church to offer protection to pilgrims following the First Crusade.

The Prieure claim they be the guardians of the Holy Grail, which represents the royal blood of Jesus, being heir to the throne in the Temple at Jerusalem.

In 1513, Sir William Sinclair died, he who introduced Enochian Magick to Scotland.  Which led to the creation of Scotland’s Illuminatism and the Watchtower Society.

Two popular phrases amongst Satanists, who used Magick was Millennial Dawn and Golden Age, also referred to as New Age, the title of the Masons magazine.

In 1536 John Calvin penned the “Institutes of the Christian Religion” which he dedicated to the King of France.  Calvin was so hated by the Jesuits, he was driven into exile from France, residing in Geneva, where he became Governor.

In 1581, John Dee of Queen Elizabeth I’s court and Edward Kelley researched contact with spiritual , which they conveyed in the Enochian language.  Dee took his research further with the Enochian system of magick, which in later years was further develoed by magicians.

One Aleister Crowley claimed to be the reincarnation of Edward Kelley.

In the early part of the 1590’s, Sir Francis Bacon, detailed his plans for the colonisation of North America.  He of the Rosicrucian Society, who went on to establish the secret society; Knights of the Helmet.

According to the writings of George V Tudhope (Masonic Author), he credits Francis Bacon with the creation of modern freemasonry.

Occult activities undertaken by our Masonic forefather’s were following a vision laid out by Francis Bacon, who claimed he was being led by his “Guiding Spirit.”

In 1613, Prieure de Sion showed interest in Scotland, where Knight’s Templar had thrived against the backdrop of the Pope, who had outlawed the order.  Scotland had become a hotbed of occult activity.

Merovingian descendants and Prieure de Sion guarded the sacred blood line, of the House of David, that had been created by Satan in Southern France.  It wove its bloodline into Europe’s royal households, and are known to be Jewish in origin.

In 1630, the Phelps family associated by the Taft family (President Taft) created the “Skull & Bones Order” in America.

In 1658, William Patterson was born in Scotland, and aged seventeen went to Bristol, and then the Bahamas to make his fortune.  He made a name for himself, becoming a successful merchant, and some of his ventures involved sailing with the pirate; Morgan.  He invested his fortune in banking, and in 1694 created the “Bank of England” becoming its director.

In 1688, the Illuminati had its financial headquarters based in Amsterdam.  That same year William of Orange deposed King James II of England, forcing his abdication.  After William’s victory, the Illuminati moved its headquarters to London.

Somerled; King of Argyll, he of Norse-Gaelic descent.  A powerful figure in Scottish politics, who rarely recognized the authority of King Malcolm IV of Scotland.

Somerled’s son was Ranald, and his son was Donald, who became Argus Mor McDonald, whose own grandson married MacRorie, becoming “Lordship of the Isles.”

The MacDonalds were chiefs, and many families sought their protection, even to the point of taking their name.  It is highly likely that some Knights Templar bloodlines, ended up as McDonalds.  In 1692 the McDonald’s of Glencoe were massacred by the English, rooting out Francis Stewart sympathizers.

Francis Stewart; Grand Master of witchcraft covens in the Glencoe area was supported by the McDonalds.  These McDonalds also participated in acts of piracy in the 17th century.

Sarah Aynn Collins born into a life of witchcraft and satanic practices in 1730.  She travelled to Scotland, to learn more of the occult, becoming a leader of the oldest form of Wicca; The Elven Path.

Following the American Revolution, returned home to the United States, forming the Covendom of Wicca, and was stabbed to death in Boston.

Samuel DuPont married Anne Alexandrine Montechanin in Paris, France of 1737.  Anne a descendant of a Burgundy noble family, was a medium within the spirit world, thus Anne’s bloodline gave the DuPont’s their occult powers.  Their son; Pierre Samuel Dupont followed the family tradition, receiving teaching’s from his mother, becoming a medium.

Pierre Samuel Dupont was trained as a watchmaker, following his mother’s death in 1753, when he was sixteen.  He attracted the interest of the Illuminati, for his abilities in writing articles on economic and political subjects.  Pierre went on to join the Freemasons.  As part of the Inner Satanic hierarchy, and as such was protected at all costs, by powerful Freemasons during the French Revolution.

In 1767, Victor Marie DuPont was born to parents Pierre Samuel Dupont and Made le Dee, with the Marquis de Mirabeau as his godfather.  Victor was an aide-de-camp to Illuminatus Lafayette, and some time after arriving in the United States in 1800, got involved in Freemasonry.

Necker and Lafayette loaned Pierre Samuel Dupont, money to form a communist society through business interests.  On the 1st January 1769 Pierre replaced the existing management of “Physiocrats Journal.”  With this he became a key leader in France, calling for a “New Order” he believed in a philosopher styled king, an idea, a belief put forward by Greek Philosopher; Plato.

In 1776, Benjamin franklin an active Mason was appointed by the then government of the United States to negotiate peace with Great Britain.  On the 4th July 1776, a date that will always be remembered in American history; the signing of the “Declaration of Independence.”  Franklin was instrumental in the writing of the document, and one of the 56 who signed the document, creating the U.S. Constitution.

Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson were members of the Collins family of Satanists, who were known as the “Hell Fire Club.”  This Satanic group practiced occult rituals.

In the latter part of 1776. The Illuminati formed a committee; “The Biblical Destruction Group” and by 1826 they had disbanded.

In 1777, Lafayette a French noble took up arms against the British in the American Revolution, fighting alongside American comrades.  The American commander; George Washington, a Mason and Illuminati appointed him to the post of Major General.

The Birth of Freemasonry

When we look into the history of the Freemasons, one has to ask, how far back does there history go, and how they came into existence.  Their history goes back some 3,000 years; their history comes from the writing’s of Chronicler’s and the Bible.

Solomon’s Temple was built by King Solomon, King Hiram and Hiram Abiff, between 960-953BC, using Phoenician craftsmen.  The inner walls were lined with gold, and marble blocks and fine emeralds adorned the temple.

Freemason lodge rooms are based on the designs of Solomon’s Temple.

Shishak, the King of Egypt, attacked and ransacked Solomon’s Temple, in the early years of Reheboam’s reign, as King of Israel.  In 586BC King Nebuchadnezzar led Babylonian forces, in the total destruction of the temple.  The Hebrew people were taken to Babylon, to start a new chapter in their lives as slaves.  In 536BC, Zerubbabel and his people built the second temple, which was completed by 515BC.

Emperor Diocletian executes the stonemasons Claudius, Castorius, Sempornians, Nicostratus and Simplicius their apprentice for refusal to carve their pagan God; Aescuplapius.  Some years later, Severus, Severianus, Carpophorus and Victorius were executed for refusal to pay homage to the pagan God; Aescuplapius… and in 290Bs these four became known as the “Four Crowned Martyrs” patron Saints of the Operative Craft.

An interesting thought… “Freemasonry” is also referred to as the “Craft.”

At the time of Christ, there existed in Palestine three religious sects; Essenes, Pharisees and Sadducees.

The Essenes, observed strict rules with a high moral code, and a secret ceremony of initiation, with similarities to that of the craft.  Historians have put forward, that Jesus Christ was a member of the Essenes.

Persian rule of the area, gave way to Greek rule, then Roman.  Herod the Great, ruler of Israel, came under Roman rule from 47BC.  In 20BC, the second temple was enlarged with courts and walls, taking eighty-three years to complete.

The Jews revolted against the Romans in 70AD, and the Roman General; Titus (Caesar) besieged the city of Jerusalem.  That very same year, the second temple was destroyed by fire.

Upon the fall of the Roman Empire, many stonemasons migrated to the island of Como, to preserve their art.  They later emerged as the Comocine Builders who constructed many Cathedrals of the middle ages.

In 691, a shrine was built on the site; “Dome of the Rock.”  By 715AD the Al-Aqsa mosque was built alongside, and two earthquakes later destroyed, and rebuilt by 1035.

Prince Edwin son of King Athelstan of the House of Wessex, called and presided over a meeting of Masons at York in 926AD.

In the year 1118, the Knights Templar were formed at the site of the old Solomon’s Temple, by the first Grand Master of the Order; Hugues de Payens.  Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master was burnt at the stake on trumped up charges of heresy in 1314.

An Act, “The Statute of Labourers” is passed in 1350, regulating workmans wages.  The words “Mason and Freestone” appear in its writings.

In 1360, the Crown calls for 568 Masons to attend Windsor Castle, to undertake building work.

In 1370, The York Minster Mason’s Ordinance is passed.  It is written in Middle English and contains the words “Mason” and “Masoun.”

In 1375 the Masons Company of London is represented at the Court of Common Council.  In 1376 the Freemason and Mason Company of London comes into existence, as a craft Guild.  The first known use of the word “Freemason” is recorded in the City of London Book dated 9th August.  The word is later stricken off and replaced with the word; Mason.

In 1429 “Masons of the Lodge” is mentioned in the records of Canterbury Cathedral.

In 1463 the Worshipful Company of Masons of the City of London builds its first meeting house.

In 1471 Robert Stowell is appointed Master of Masons at Westminster Abbey.

In 1487 the word “Freemason” appears for the first time in the Statues of England.

In 1491 a municipal law is passed at St.Giles in Edinburgh, establishing the conditions of employment of Master Masons and co-workers.

In 1584 William Schaw, became Master of the Works in Scotland, and went on to issue two sets of rules; regulating the Masons of Scotland in 1598, and giving the Lodge of Kilwinning supervisory powers over Lodges of West Scotland in 1599.  It used the term “Fellow of the Craft.”

Sir Robert Moray, a Scot by birth, in the employ of the French, was born in 1609 and educated at St.Andrews University.  He served with the Scots Guards of Louis XIII in 1633, and acted as a spy for Cardinal Richelieu.

In 1638 Richelieu promoted Robert Moray to Lieutenant-Colonel in Louis elite Scots Guards and dispatched him to Scotland.  His orders were to recruit Scots, and he chose to assist fellow Scots in their dispute against Charles and England.

In 1640, Sir Robert Moray was made a Scottish Mason, and on the 20trh May 1641 initiated into Freemasonry whilst garrisoned in Newcastle.

Sir Robert Moray, he who was in the employ of the French, a military man at heart, had another side to him.  He was one of the original founders of the Royal Society in 1660, and its first president.

In 1617 Ellis Ashmole was born at Litchfield in England.  A famous historian, who was iniated as an English Mason on the 16th October 1646, and went on to create the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford.

In 1656 John Aubrey began writing “A Natural History of Wiltshire” in which he states that the fraternity of Free-Masons are known to one another by certain signs and watch words.

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